Archival Sources

NSWSA: Colonial Secretary, NRS 905, Main series of letters received 1826-1982. Female Factory 1833-1844, [4/2191.3, 4/2234.5, 4/2277.4, 4/2317.2, 4/2359.1, 4/2401.1, 4/2451.3, 4/2492.1, 4/2530.2, 4/2574.1, 4/2610.1, 4/2649.2.].

NSWSA: Colonial Secretary, NRS 905, Main Series of letters received, 1826-1982. [4/2708.2] Supreme Court 45/7642.

NSWSA: Colonial Secretary, NRS 906, Returns of the Department of Female Factory Parramatta, 1836-1843, [4/7327], Reel 702.

NSWSA: Colonial Secretary, NRS 906, Special bundles. [4/6670]  Brief in Regina v Bell and Hamilton (fraud at the Female Factory) and Hannan and Hamilton (fraud at the Parramatta Convict Hospital (1842-45).

NSWSA: Colonial Secretary, NRS 909, Letters Received - Governor’s Minutes and Memoranda,1834-1850, 4/999, Memoranda 3694, 1836.

NSWSA: Supreme Court of NSW; NRS 880, Papers and Depositions, Supreme Court Sydney and on Circuit, 1824-1946, [96336] Supreme Court Information, Jury list reduced.

National Archives (UK), Governor’s Correspondence, 1832 to 1844, File 114, AJCP Reel 1046, (From Records of the Colonial Office, Index of Incoming Correspondence, (CO 714).

State Library of NSW

Bourke family - Papers [M1863], 1809-1855.  Diary of Anne Bourke, daughter of Sir Richard Bourke kept on the voyage from England to N.S.W. Canberra : Australian Joint Copying Project, [10—]. M1863.

CO, Series 201, NSW, Original Correspondence, 1783-1900. Enclosure to Governor’s Despatches, No 82, 8 April 1847. File 381, AJCP Reel N0: 382-383, pp. 95-132.

CO, Series 201, NSW, Original Correspondence, 1783-1900. Miscellaneous Individuals, A-F, 1838, File 281, AJCP Reel No: 315-316, ’Parramatta Female Factory 1838: Correspondence between Secretary of State for Colonial Department and the Governors of the Australian Provinces on the Subject of Secondary Punishment’.

Miles, William Alexander, ’Sketches of Europe and Australia’, ca. 1834-50’. PXA537.

Various documents collected by Sir William Dixson, including material relating to John Oxley, the Female Factory, the Blaxland family and the New South Wales Executive Council. Item 3 Rules for the Government of the Female Factory drawn up by Sir Richard Bourke, Visiting Magistrate’. 28 February 1839. State Library of NSW.

Watson, Frederick, ed., Australia. Parliament. Library Committee. (1914). Historical Records of Australia.

Books and articles

Ashton, Paul and Wilson, Jacqueline (eds.) Silent System: Forgotten Australians and the Institutionalisation of Women and Children, Melbourne, Australian Scholarly, 2014.

Backhouse, James,  A Narrative of a Visit to the Australian Colonies, London, Hamilton, Adams, and Co, 1843.

Barker, Geoff, The Second Female Factory: 1818-1848, Parramatta Heritage Centre, 2018.

Bell, Sir Joshua Peter (1827-1881), Australian Dictionary of Biography.

Bell v. Pearce [1854] Supreme Court of New South Wales, Moreton Bay, 18 May 1854.

Bryson, J, ’Debtors’ prison and the rules of the prison’. Bar News: The Journal of the NSW Bar Association, Summer 2019, Dec 2019.

Burton,  W, The State of Religion and Education in New South Wales, London, J Cross, 1840, Appendix, no. 16.

Byrne, J C, Twelve Years' Wanderings in the British Colonies, from 1835 to 1847, London, Bentley, 1848.

Callaghan, Thomas, Callaghan’s Diary: The 1840s Sydney diary of Thomas Callaghan. Sydney, Francis Forbes Society for Australian Legal History, 2005.

Callaghan, Thomas, The Acts and Ordinances of The Governor & Council of New South Wales and Acts of Parliament Enacted for, and applied to, the Colony, 2 vols, Sydney, WJ Row, 1844.

Cowie, Andrew James, ‘A History of Women’s Real Property Rights’,  Australian Journal of Gender and Law, Article 6, 2009,

Evans, Raymond, ‘Creating ‘an Object of Real Terror’: the tabling of the Bigge Report’, In Turning Points in Australian History, Sydney, University of New South Wales Press, 2009.

Frost, Lucy and Maxwell-Stewart, Hamish (eds.), Chain letters: narrating convict lives, Melbourne, Melbourne University Press, 2001.

Golder, Hilary, Politics, Patronage and Public Works: the Administration of New South Wales,Volume 1, 1842-1900, Sydney, University of New South Wales Press, 2005.

Harrison, Jennifer, Shackled: Female Convicts at Moreton Bay 1826-1839, Melbourne, Anchor Books, 2016.

Heath, L., (MA Thesis), ‘The Female Factories of New South Wales and Van Diemen’s Land: an Examination of their role in Control, Punishment and Reformation of Prisoners between 1804 and 1854’. Canberra, ANU, n.d.

Hendrikson, Gail, Conviction: The 1827 Fight for Rights at the Parramatta Female Factory, Rowan Tree Published Books, The Parramatta Heritage Centre, n.d.

Kerkhove, Ray, ‘Tribal Alliances with broader agendas? Aboriginal Resistance in southern Queensland’, In Cosmopolitan Civil Societies Journal, Vol.6, No.3, 2014.

Leichhardt, Ludwig, Journal of an overland expedition in Australia from Moreton Bay to Port Essington, a distance of upwards of 3000 miles, during the years 1844–1845, University of Sydney Library, 2002. First published 1846.

Lloyd's Register of British and Foreign Shipping, London, Society for the Registry of Shipping, 1931.

McConville, S., Irish Political Prisoners, 1848-1922, London, Routledge, 2003, Mann, John, Eight Months with Dr. Leichhardt in the Years 1846-47, Sydney, Turner and Henderson, 1886

Maynard, Margaret, Fashioned from Penury: Dress as Cultural Practice in Colonial Australia, CUP, 1994.

Nicholson, Ian Hawkins, Shipping Arrivals and Departures Tasmania Vol 1 1803-1833, Canberra Roebuck Society, 1985.

O’Sullivan, Moira and Doyle, M Claudia, ‘A Convict Remembered: Mary Corcoran’, Journal of the Australian Catholic Historical Society, Vol 20 1999, pp 31-40. 9.

Oxley, Deborah, Convict Maids: the Forced Migration of Women to Australia. Melbourne, Cambridge University Press, 1996.

Philips, D.,  William Augustus Miles (1796-1851): crime, policing and moral entrepreneurship in England and Australia, Melbourne, History Department, University of Melbourne (University of Melbourne history monographs: no. 30), 2001, pp. 182-88.

Phillips, Joyce, Old Ipswich Days: Joshua Peter Bell and the Ipswich Connection, Ipswich, Joyce Phillips, 2008.

Rushen, Elizabeth, Colonial Duchesses: the migration of Irish women to New South Wales before the Great Famine, by Sydney, Anchor Books, 2014.

Rushen, Elizabeth and McIntyre, Perry, Fair Game: Australia’s first immigrant women,  Sydney, Anchor Books, 2010.

Rushen, Elizabeth and McIntyre, Perry, The Merchant’s Women, Sydney, Anchor Books, 2008.

Rushen, Elizabeth, Single and Free: Female Migration to Australia, 1833-1837, Melbourne, Australian Scholarly Publishing, 2003.

Salt, Annette, Those Outcast Women: The Female Factory 1821-1848, Hale & Iremonger, Sydney, 1984.

Sir George Gipps, Australian Dictionary of Biography.

Sisters of Charity of Australia Congregational Archives, SER/752/1, The Annals of the Irish Sisters of Charity in Australia 1838-1882, Irish Sisters of Charity, Potts Point, Sydney.

Smith, T, ’Cumberland Hospital - the early years’, Parramatta Female Factory Friends Newsletter, Issue no 11, October - November 2016.

Tedeschi, Mark, Murder at Myall Creek,: the trial that defined a nation, Sydney, Simon & Schuster, 2017.

Waddy L., The King’s School, 1831-1981: An account, Parramatta, The Council of The King’s School, 1981,

Waugh, Max, Forgotten Hero: Richard Burke, Irish Governor of New South Wales 1831-1837, Melbourne, Scholarly Publishing, 2005.

Women Transported: Life in Australia’s Convict Female Factories, Parramatta, 2008.

Yeend, P.,  King’s School Register, 1831-1990, Parramatta, Kings School, 1990.

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